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This is the proof that the 1% have been running the show for 800 years

Posted by iscariotes em 17 de maio de 2017

Fonte: Quartz

A family’s status in society can persist for eight centuries or more, according to a new study by two economists using the educational status and surnames in England between 1170 and 2012. That’s 28 whole generations.

Surnames were first adopted by the upper classes in England, mainly the Norman, Breton, and Flemish conquerors of England in 1066, usually from their estates in Normandy and recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, the nation’s oldest surviving public record and effectively, the first census conducted. Many of these surnames persist: Baskerville, Darcy, Montgomery, Neville, Percy, and Talbot. Many of these have persisted at the very top of society for generations.

Attendance at Oxford or Cambridge has an even stronger correlation. Just consider some of the barriers to entry, such as the fact that Oxbridge (as the two universities are known in Britain) had its own special entrance exams until 1986, and until 1940, the exams for Oxford included a test in Latin. And this despite the fact that attendance to all British universities was free until 1986. “Social status is more strongly inherited even than height,” writes Gregory Clark of the University of California, Davis and Neil Cummins of the London School of Economics. “This correlation is unchanged over centuries. Social mobility in England in 2012 was little greater than in preindustrial times.”

And before 1902, there was little public support for university education in England. Most scholarships went to students from the elite secondary schools to help them excel in the scholarship exams, not because they were poor and talented. The scientists expected that the expansion of state support in the 60 years to the 1980s for secondary and college education would stem the tide of the same names appearing. “There is no evidence of this,” they said. “The earlier surname elite persisted just as tenaciously after 1950 as before.”

In fact, all the social and economic changes we take for granted haven’t made a lick of difference to the correlation between elite and best-educated surnames and social status. “Even more remarkable is the lack of a sign of any decline in status persistence across major institutional changes, such as the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth century, the spread of universal schooling in the late nineteenth century, or the rise of the social democratic state in the twentieth century,” they said.

This study is not the first to show how entrenched wealth has become. Quartz has written on how the bottom 90% of US families are no wealthier than in 1986 and Thomas Piketty’s examination of capitalism met with rapturous reviews. But Cummins and Clark’s work does show how far it goes.

Em https://qz.com/301150/this-is-the-proof-that-the-1-have-been-running-the-show-for-800-years/

 

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Posted in Economia, História, Mundo, Política | Leave a Comment »

EUA reconhecem mortes de guatemaltecos por sífilis

Posted by iscariotes em 6 de maio de 2017

Fonte: Carta Capital

Depois de mais de 60 anos, os Estados Unidos reconhecem que cientistas americanos fizeram experimentos com vírus da sífilis e gonorreia em mais de mil pessoas na Guatelama nos anos 1940. Os experimentos causaram a morte de 83 guatemaltecos à época. O reconhecimento foi feito pelo presidente Barack Obama nesta segunda-feira (29). após a conclusão da comissão presidencial para Estudos dos Assuntos da Bioética sobre o assunto.

O experimento, que contaminou 1,3 mil pessoas na Cidade da Guatemala, de acordo com a comissão, permaneceu em segredo por mais de seis décadas. Os EUA admitiram os testes em outubro de 2010, quando a secretária de Estado, Hillary Clinton, e a secretária da Saúde, Kathleen Sebelius, fizeram uma declaração conjunta desculpando-se pela pesquisa.

O grupo de investigação disse que os cientistas americanos infectaram prisioneiros, pacientes psiquiátricos e órfãos em estudos que testavam a abrangência da penicilina. Um relatório deverá ser divulgado no próximo mês com conclusões finais sobre o caso com recomendações e uma análise histórica para evitar que a situação se repita.

De acordo com a presidente da comissão, Amy Gutmann os cientistas “não pediram o consentimento das pessoas e as enganaram, não dando tratamento com penicilina às que estavam infectadas com sífilis e gonorreia”.

Por telefone, Obama pediu desculpas ao presidente da Guatemala, Álvaro Colom, dizendo que os estudos contrariam os valores norte-americanos. No começo deste ano, vários cidadãos guatemaltecos infectados à época e parentes das vítimas anunciaram que estavam abrindo um processo contra o governo americano.

No total, um grupo de 5,5 mil pessoas participaram dos estudos, sem saber dos riscos que corriam, segundo declarações de um dos investigadores, Stephen Hauser. Na relação dos infectados, apenas 700 receberam tratamento médico. Ao fim, 83 morreram.

A sífilis pode causar cegueira, distúrbios mentais e até a morte, caso os doentes não recebam o devido tratamento. Menos nociva e mais fácil de curar que a sífilis, a gonorreia pode se espalhar pelo organismo e até causar infertilidade nos homens.

A história dos experimentos americanos na Guatemala veio à tona no ano passado, fruto de uma pesquisa histórica da professora Susan Reverby, do Wellesley College, de Massachusetts. Segundo a acadêmica, o governo guatemalteco da época deu permissão aos estudos, que ocorreram entre 1946 e 1948.

Em https://www.cartacapital.com.br/internacional/eua-reconhecem-morte-de-83-guatemaltecos-em-experimento-sobre-sifilis

Posted in Ciência, História, Mundo | Leave a Comment »

Italian Officials Call For Investigation Of George Soros Supported NGO Migrant Fleet

Posted by iscariotes em 29 de março de 2017

Fonte: Disobedient Media

Italian authorities are calling for monitoring of the funding of an NGO fleet bussing migrants into the EU from the North African coast after a report released the European Border and Coast Guard Agency has determined that the members of the fleet are acting as accomplices to people smugglers and directly contributing to the risk of death migrants face when attempting to enter the EU.

The report from regulatory agency Frontex suggests that NGOs sponsoring ships in the fleet are now acting as veritable accomplices to people smugglers due to their service which, in effect, provides a reliable shuttle service for migrants from North Africa to Italy. The fleet lowers smugglers’ costs, as it all but eliminates the need to procure seaworthy vessels capable making a full voyage across the Mediterranean to the European coastline. Traffickers are also able to operate with much less risk of arrest by European law enforcement officers. Frontex specifically noted that traffickers have intentionally sought to alter their strategy, sending their vessels to ships run by the NGO fleet rather than the Italian and EU military.

On March 25th, 2017, Italian news source Il Giornale carried remarks from Carmelo Zuccaro, the chief prosecutor of Catania (Sicily) calling for monitoring of the funding behind the NGO groups engaged in operating the migrant fleet. He stated that “the facilitation of illegal immigration is a punishable offense regardless of the intention.” While it is not a crime to enter the waters of a foreign country and pick them migrants, NGOs are supposed to land them at the nearest port of call, which would have been somewhere along the North African coast instead of in Italy. The chief prosecutor also noted that Italy is investigating Islamic radicalization occurring in prisons and camps where immigrants are hired off the books.

Italy has for some months been reeling under the pressure of massive numbers of migrants who have been moving from North Africa into the southern states of the European Union. In December 2016, The Express cited comments made by Virginia Raggi, the mayor of Vatican City, stating that Rome was on the verge of a “war” between migrants and poor Italians. The wave of migrants has also caused issues in southern Italy, where the Sicilian Cosa Nostra has declared a “war on migrants” last year amid reports that the Italian mafia had begun fighting with North African crime gangs who entered the EU among migrant populations.

In February 2016, Disobedient Media published research indicating that multiple ships operating in the fleet mentioned by Frontex are sponsored by NGO groups with financial ties to organizations run by George Soros and donors to Hillary Clinton. Reports have also emerged citing a study by counter-extremism group Quilliam which states that ISIS now controls the human trafficking scene in North Africa and is actively recruiting from the migrant population. In addition to acting as de facto accomplices of human traffickers, the NGO’s criticized by Frontex may also be contributing to the worsening terror situation in Europe though their actions.

Em http://disobedientmedia.com/italian-officials-call-for-investigation-of-george-soros-supported-ngo-migrant-fleet/

 

Posted in História, Mundo, Política | Leave a Comment »

Hillary Clinton Email Archive – Marcelo Tas

Posted by iscariotes em 14 de outubro de 2016

Fonte: Wikileaks

From: Cheryl Mills
To: Hillary Clinton
Date: 2011-08-13 21:05
Subject: MARCELO TAS

UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2014-20439 Doc No. C05784203 Date: 09/30/2015

RELEASE IN FULL From: Mills, Cheryl D <MillsCD@state.gov>
Sent: Monday, August 15, 2011 4:5AM
To: Subject:
Fw: Marcelo Tas

From: Ross, Alec)
Sent:Sunday,August14,201107:19PM
To:Mills,CherylD;Jacobson,RobertaS Subject:
Fw:MarceloTas

Cheryl+Roberta: Always impressed by Tom’s thinking/analysis. The below interesting….

• Alec Ross
Senior Advisor for Innovation

Office of the Secretary of State

From: Shannon, Thomas A
Sent:Sunday,August14,201105:22PM

To:Ross,Alec3 Cc:Chapman,ToddC
Subject:RE:MarceloTas

Alec: Thanks for your note. This is great news, and a very powerful example of what you have been able to accomplish. The dramatic content of social media messaging from Syria, and your effort to amplify it, has had a positive impact here. As the violence and killing have mounted, the traditional arguments used here in defense of the sovereignty of the government of Syria and to keep Brazil on the sidelines of this event have eroded. It is worth noting that the recent IBSA mission to Damascus was an example of how Brazil, India, and South Africa felt they could not work within the BRICS context because of significant differences with the Chinese and Russian over human rights. Even this mission, however, will be a source of problems for the countries that participated. The very traditional images of diplomats seated in conversation with the Syrian President and Foreign Minister were overwhelmed by the social media images of the violence that continued that same day, with 15 dead. The promises made by Bashir and his FM in the meeting, and which were repeated in the statement released by the visiting IBSA delegation, stood in stark contrast to images of tanks firing into crowds. A disconnect exists here between the traditionalism of the foreign affairs experts, and the emerging world of social media. The traditionalists still do not understand what they are up against, and have relied on the relative inertia of most Brazilians regarding foreign affairs. However, this is changing UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2014-20439 Doc No. C05784203 Date: 09/30/2015 rapidly, and events in Syria could be what defines a new stage in building popular content into Brazil’s foreign policy. Regards, Tom From: Ross,Alec Sent: Friday, August 12, 2011 12:31 PM To: Shannon, Thomas A Cc: Chapman, Todd C Subject: Marcelo Tas Tom, Small thing I thought you would find of interest; you’ve heard me talk about how we should cultivate “social media influencers” for the purpose of validation and amplification of our message. Embassy Brasilia set up a coffee for me and Marcelo Tas during my brief trip to Brazil in April. Very positive visit. This morning, I pushed out some Syria-related content on Twitter. Tas picked up on it, built in a Portuguese translation, and then disseminated to his nearly 2 million followers on Twitter. That then ricocheted around Brazilian social media circles where it was further amplified so that literally millions and millions of people in Brazil (perhaps 10M+) have read the content we pushed out. More importantly, they don’t think of it as something the USG is pushing out, but rather Marcelo Tas. In translating and disseminating the content himself, he became its publisher and validator. It’s a small thing, but a good thing; an example of how to use “networks” for local amplification and validation. My best, Alec Alec Ross Senior Advisor for Innovation Office of the Secretary of State (202) 647-6315 RossAJ@State.gov

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Brasil, História, Política | Leave a Comment »

Moeda chinesa passa a integrar cesta de elite do FMI

Posted by iscariotes em 2 de outubro de 2016

Fonte: Reuters

O iuan chinês passou a integrar neste sábado uma cesta de moedas de reserva do Fundo Monetário Internacional (FMI), um marco para a campanha de Pequim na busca pelo reconhecimento do poder econômico da China.

A moeda chinesa se junta ao dólar, ao euro, ao iene e à libra esterlina na cesta dos direitos especiais de saque (SDR, na sigla em inglês) do FMI, que determina as moedas que os países podem receber como empréstimo do fundo.

O evento que marca a primeira adição de moeda na cesta desde o lançamento do euro, em 1999.

O iuan, também conhecido como renminbi, ou “moeda do povo”, foi adicionado à cesta do FMI no mesmo dia em que o Partido Comunista comemora a fundação da República Popular da China, em 1949.

“A inclusão na SDR é um marco na internacionalização do renminbi e é uma confirmação do sucesso do desenvolvimento econômico da China e resultado de uma reforma e abertura do setor financeiro”, disse o Banco Popular da China um comunicado.

Em http://br.reuters.com/article/topNews/idBRKCN1213MO

Posted in Economia, História, Mundo, Política | Leave a Comment »

Milosevic exonerated, as the NATO war machine moves on

Posted by iscariotes em 20 de setembro de 2016

Fonte: RT

The ICTY’s exoneration of the late Slobodan Milosevic, the former President of Yugoslavia, for war crimes committed in the Bosnia war, proves again we should take NATO claims regarding its ’official enemies’ not with a pinch of salt, but a huge lorry load.

For the past twenty odd years, neocon commentators and ‘liberal interventionist’ pundits have been telling us at every possible opportunity, that Milosevic (a democratically elected leader in a country where over 20 political parties freely operated)  was an evil genocidal dictator who was to blame for ALL the deaths in the Balkans in the 1990s. Repeat after me in a robotic voice (while making robotic arm movements): ‘Milosevic’s genocidal aggression’ ‘Milosevic’s genocidal aggression’.

But the official narrative, just like the one that told us that in 2003, Iraq had WMDs which could be launched within 45 minutes, was a deceitful one, designed to justify a regime change-op which the Western elites had long desired.

The ICTY’s conclusion, that one of the most demonized figures of the modern era was innocent of the most heinous crimes he was accused of, really should have made headlines across the world. But it hasn‘t. Even the ICTY buried it, deep in its 2,590 page verdict in the trial of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic who was convicted in March of genocide (at Srebrenica), war crimes and crimes against humanity.

There was no official announcement or press conference regarding Milosevic‘s exoneration. We’ve got journalist and researcher Andy Wilcoxson to thank for flagging it up for us.

How very different it all was when the trial of the so-called ‘Butcher of the Balkans’, began in February 2002! Then, you‘d have to have been locked in a wardrobe not to be aware of what was going on.

CNN provided blanket coverage of what was described as “the most important trial since Nuremberg.” Of course, Milosevic’s guilt was taken as a given. “When the sentence comes and he disappears into that cell, no one is going to hear from him again,” declared US lawyer Judith Armatta from the Coalition for International Justice, an organization which had the former US Ambassador to Yugoslavia, Warren Zimmerman, as an advisory board member.

Anyone who dared to challenge the NATO line was labeled a “Milosevic apologist”, or worse still, a “genocide denier”, by ‘Imperial Truth Enforcers’.

But amid all the blather and the hype surrounding the ’trial of the century’ it soon became apparent the prosecution was in deep, deep trouble. The Sunday Times quoted a legal expert who claimed that “Eighty percent of the prosecution’s opening statements would have been dismissed by a British court as hearsay.” That, I believe, was a generous assessment.

The problem was that this was a show trial, one in which geopolitics came before hard evidence. It’s important to remember that the original indictment against Milosevic in relation to alleged Kosovo war crimes/genocide was issued in May 1999, at the height of the NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia and at a time when war was not going to plan for the US and its allies.

Read more

ARCHIVE PHOTO: Children sit on a Russian tank near the South Ossetian city of Tskhinvali on August 10, 2008 © Said Gutziev

The indictment was clearly designed to exert pressure on Milosevic to cave into NATO’s demands.

The trouble for NATO was that by the time Milosevic’s trial was due to start, the Kosovo narrative had already unraveled. The lurid claims made by the US and its allies about genocide and hundreds of thousands being killed, catalogued by the great John Pilger here, had been shown to be false. In September 2001, a UN court officially held that there had been no genocide in Kosovo.

So in an attempt to beef up their weakening case against Milosevic the prosecutors at The Hague had to bring in new charges relating to the war in  Bosnia, accusing ‘Slobo’ of being part of a ‘joint criminal conspiracy’ to kill/ethnically cleanse Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims in pursuance of a ’Greater Serbia’ project.

In normal criminal prosecutions evidence is collected and then, if it’s deemed sufficient, charges are brought. But the opposite happened in the case of Milosevic: he was charged for political reasons and the hunt for evidence then followed.

The irony is that the former Yugoslav President had already been praised by President Clinton for his role in brokering a peace deal in Bosnia in 1995, which was signed in Dayton, Ohio.

The truth is that Milosevic was no hardcore Serb nationalist but a lifelong socialist, whose commitment was always to a multi-racial, multi-ethnic Yugoslavia.

His aim throughout his time in power was not to build a ’Greater Serbia‘, but to try and keep Federal Yugoslavia together, as the ICTY now belatedly acknowledges.

Not only was Milosevic not responsible for ethnic cleansing which took place in Bosnia, he actually spoke out against it. The ICTY noted Milosevic’s “repeated criticism and disapproval of the policies made by the Accused (Karadzic) and the Bosnian Serb leadership.” Milosevic, a man for whom all forms of racism were anathema, insisted that all ethnicities must be protected.

Donald Rumsfeld (L), George W. Bush (C) and Dick Cheney © Larry Downing

But in order to punish Milosevic and to warn others of the consequences if they dared to oppose US power, history had to be re-written. The pro-Yugoslavia socialist who had opposed the policies of the Bosnian Serb leadership had to be turned, retrospectively, into the villain of the Bosnian War and indeed blamed for all the bloodshed which took place in the Balkans. Meanwhile, the aforementioned US Ambassador Warren Zimmerman, whose malign intervention to scupper a diplomatic solution helped trigger the Bosnian conflict got off scot-free.

The ‘Blame it All on Slobo’ campaign saw facts simply thrown out of the window. One article, written, I kid ye not, by an Oxford University Professor of European Studies even had Milosevic as leader of Yugoslavia in 1991 (the year that Slovenia broke away). In fact the Bosnian Croat, Ante Markovic, was the leader of the country at the time.

Inevitably, Milosevic was likened to Hitler. “It was just like watching the evil strutting Adolf Hitler in action,” wrote the News of the World’s political editor, when Milosevic had the temerity to defend himself in court. “There were chilling flashes of the World War Two Nazi monster as the deposed Serb tyrant harangued the court.”

To make sure readers did get the Milosevic=Hitler point, the News of the World illustrated their diatribe with a picture of Hitler ‘The Butcher of Berlin’, in front of a concentration camp, with a picture of Milosevic ‘The Butcher of Belgrade’ superimposed on a picture of a Bosnian concentration camp. Which in fact, he had nothing to do with.

Very conveniently for the prosecution, Milosevic died suddenly in his cell in March 2006.

Going by what we had seen at the trial up to that point, it’s inconceivable that a guilty sentence could have been passed. A whole succession of ’smoking gun’ witnesses had turned out to be dampest of damp squibs.

As I noted in an earlier piece:

Star witness Ratomir Tanic was exposed as being in the pay of Western security forces, whilst ex-Yugoslav secret police chief Rade Markovic, the man who was finally going to spill the beans on Milosevic and reveal how his former master had ordered the expulsion of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo, in fact did the opposite and testified that he had been tortured to tell lies and that his written statement had been falsified by the prosecution.In addition, as I noted here, the former head of security in the Yugoslav army, General Geza Farkas (an ethnic Hungarian), testified that all Yugoslav soldiers in Kosovo had been handed a document explaining international humanitarian law, and that they were ordered to disobey any orders which violated it. Farkas also said that Milosevic ordered no paramilitary groups should be permitted to operate anywhere in Kosovo.

When Milosevic died, his accusers claimed he had “cheated justice”. But in fact, as the ICTY has now confirmed, the injustice was done to Milosevic.

While he had to defend himself against politically-motivated charges at The Hague, the US and its allies launched their brutal, illegal assault on Iraq, a war which has led to the death of up to one million people. Last year a report from Body Count revealed that at least 1.3 million people had lost their lives as a result of the US-led ‘war on terror’ in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

An Iraqi family watches U.S. soldiers in in Baquba early June 28, 2007.  (Reuters/Goran Tomasevic)

Those sorts of figures help us get Kosovo into some kind of perspective. Even if we do hold Milosevic and the Yugoslav government responsible for some of the deaths there in 1999, (in a war which the West had clearly desired and provoked) far, far, greater death and destruction has been caused by the countries who were the keenest to see the President of Yugoslavia in the dock. As John Pilger noted in 2008, the bombing of Yugoslavia was the“perfect precursor to the bloodbaths in Afghanistan and Iraq.”

Since then we’ve also had the NATO destruction of Libya, the country which had the highest living standards in the whole of Africa and the backing of violent ‘rebels’ to try and achieve ‘regime change’ in Syria.

You don’t have to be Sherlock Holmes to see a pattern here.

Before a US-led war or ‘humanitarian intervention’ against a targeted state, a number of lurid claims are made about the country‘s leader and its government. These claims receive maximum media coverage and are repeated ad nauseam on the basis that people will bound to think they’re true.

Later it transpires that the claims were either entirely false (like the Iraq WMD ones), unproven, or greatly exaggerated. But the news cycle has moved on focusing not on the exposure of the fraudulent claims made earlier but on the next aggressive/genocidal ‘New Hitler’ who needs to be dealt with.  In 1999 it was Milosevic; now it’s Assad and Putin.

And guess what, dear reader? It’s the same people who defend the Iraq war and other blood-stained Western military interventions based on lies, unproven claims or great exaggerations, who are the ones doing the accusing.

As that very wise old saying goes: When you point one finger, there are three fingers pointing back to you.

Em https://www.rt.com/op-edge/354362-slobodan-milosevic-exonerated-us-nato/

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Maconha legalizada movimentou US$ 5,4 bilhões nos EUA

Posted by iscariotes em 11 de setembro de 2016

Fonte: SuperinteressanteMaconha

Muito se discute sobre a legalização da maconha no Brasil e no mundo, e um novo argumento acaba de chegar às mesas de bar: agora é comprovado que, pelo menos nos Estados Unidos, a regulamentação da produção e do comércio da cannabis e seus derivados se mostrou um negócio extremamente lucrativo, na casa dos bilhões de dólares.

De acordo com a New Frontier e a Arc View Group, empresas especializadas em coletar dados relacionados à maconha, durante o ano de 2015 a cannabis legalizada gerou uma movimentação de 5,4 bilhões de dólares (R$ 21 bilhões). O número representa um aumento de 800 milhões de dólares, em comparação com os 4,6 bilhões registrados em 2014.

O lucro não vem só da venda da planta em si, mas de todos os derivados e dos acessórios relacionados ao consumo e produção. Wall Street recebe cada vez mais novos investidores e empresas interessadas em agir dentro do campo de negócios abrangido pela maconha.

Acredita-se que com o passar do tempo mais investidores apostem nesse mercado. “Ainda existe um certo estigma em torno do assunto”, contou ao New York Times Brandy There, cofundador de uma empresa que cria produtos para cultivo da cannabis, a Surna.

Se a tendência se mantiver, 2016 será um bom ano para o mercado da erva. Os responsáveis pela pesquisa dizem que, durante esse ano, 6,7 bilhões de dólares (R$ 26 bilhões) serão movimentados pela maconha legalizada.

Em http://super.abril.com.br/comportamento/maconha-legalizada-movimentou-us-54-bilhoes-nos-eua

Posted in Economia, História, Mundo | Leave a Comment »

BOMBSHELL: 28 Pages Prove US Ignored Saudi 9/11 Ties Because They Are US Ally

Posted by iscariotes em 16 de julho de 2016

Fonte: The Antimedia

At long last, the so-called ‘missing’ 28 pagesfrom the Congressional Joint Inquiry into the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, have been released, albeit in redacted form.

While obviously critical information has been obscured from the general public, the evidence remaining appears to show the hijackers and their associates received and had been receiving funds from individuals working for the government of Saudi Arabia—as has long been rumored and intimated.

The redacted report also keenly criticizes failures in communication between the FBI and CIA, which its authors suggest could have been a crucial intelligence breakdown prior to the attacks.

According to the report, with all emphasis added:

“[T]he committees are particularly concerned about the serious nature of allegations contained in a CIA memorandum found by the Joint Inquiry Staff in the files of the FBI’s San Diego Field Office. That memorandum, which discusses alleged financial connections between the September 11 hijackers, Saudi government officials, and members of the Saudi royal family, was drafted by a CIA officer [REDACTED], relying primarily on information from FBI files. The CIA officer sent it to the CTC to determine whether CIA had additional information. He also provided a copy to the FBI agent responsible for the investigation of one of the individuals discussed in the memorandum. Despite the clear national implications of the CIA memorandum, the FBI agent included the memorandum in an individual case file and did not forward it to FBI headquarters. FBI headquarters, therefore, was unaware of statements in the memorandum until the Joint Inquiry brought the memorandum’s implications to the Bureau’s attention [FULLY REDACTED SENTENCE CONCLUDING THAT PARAGRAPH].”

 

Those connections between the planners of the 9/11 attack and members of the Saudi royal family and Saudi government are fleshed out in many of the remaining pages, despite redaction of many obviously telling points. For instance:

“While in the United States, some of the September 11 hijackers were in contact with, or received support and assistance from, individuals who may be connected with the Saudi government. There is information, from FBI sources, that at least two of those individuals were alleged to be Saudi intelligence officers.”

Even more damning, a heavily redacted paragraph suggests the reason, prior to 9/11, the FBI did not focus its investigations of possible terrorist ties of “Saudi nationals in the United States was due to Saudi Arabia’s status as an American ‘ally.’”

Though it appears the Joint Inquiry discovered telling evidence of ties between terrorist actors and the Saudi principals, the report refused to make a definitive statement on the issue due to the limited scope of its investigation.

However, the report states, “it is possible that these kinds of connections could suggest as indicated in a [REDACTED] dated July 2, 2002, ‘incontrovertible evidence that there is support for these terrorists within the Saudi government,’” though that statement is downplayed with a disclaimer there may be legitimate, innocent reasons for those connections.

Another revelation the Joint Inquiry discovered on examining evidence suggested:

“One individual who provided assistance to Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mindhar may be connected to the Saudi Government. A second individual who may have been in contact with al-Hazmi and al-Mindhar also has ties to the Saudi government, including connections to the Saudi Ambassador to the United States. There is reporting in FBI files that persons have alleged that both of these individuals may be Saudi intelligence officers.”

In fact, the hijackers “may have been in contact with other Saudi Government officials in the United States prior to”the attacks, and—perhaps most damning of all—“Saudi Government officials in the United States may have ties to Usama Bin Laden’s terrorist network.”

One subject, in particular, Omar al-Bayoumi, was found to have “extensive ties to the Saudi Government.” Nevertheless, Congress decided not to pursue those allegations any further.

Indeed, the report states:

“Al-Bayoumi had been an accountant at the Saudi Civil Aviation Administration from 1976 to 1993, when he relocated to the United States,” and, further, the FBI found “Al-Bayoumi was in frequent contact with the Emir at the Saudi Ministry of Defense, responsible for air traffic control.”

Al-Bayoumi also received regular payments from the Ministry of Defense through a Saudi company called “Ercan,” and he contacted Saudi government “establishments” in the U.S. “almost 100 times between January and May of 2000.”

At a closed hearing in October 2002, the document notes, a former FBI agent in San Diego testified that al-Bayoumi “acted like a Saudi intelligence officer, in my opinion. And if he was involved with the hijackers, which it looks like he was, if he signed leases, if he provided some sort of financing or payment of some sort, then I would say that there’s a clear possibility that there might be a connection between Saudi intelligence and UBL,” with UBL being the government’s acronym for Usama, or Osama, bin Laden.

nother former agent in charge in San Diego apparently said he received around six reports from individuals who suspected al-Bayoumi “was a Saudi intelligence officer”—but the FBI ultimately somehow found there was not sufficient evidence to conclude as much.

Further lending credence to theories the Saudis may have been directly involved in the attacks, the Inquiry noted:

“In testimony and interviews a number of FBI agents and CIA officers complained to the Joint Inquiry about a lack of Saudi cooperation in terrorism investigations both before and after the September 11 attacks.”

One agent even said the “Saudis had been useless and obstructionist for years” and will “only act when it is in their self-interest.”

These 28 pages certainly seem to indicate the U.S. pursued, targeted, and invaded the wrong country in its choice of Afghanistan and Iraq after the September 11 attacks—as has been widely assumed for some time.

Though no definitive statements are made concerning conclusive proof of Saudi involvement—directly or indirectly—in the planning of 9/11, sufficient information is laid bare to conclude as much. In fact, the evidence calls directly into question exactly why the United States government continues to this day to categorize Saudi Arabia as a ‘trusted ally.’

Em http://theantimedia.org/28-pages-us-ignored-saudi-ties-911/

 

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The Untold Story Behind Saudi Arabia’s 41-Year U.S. Debt Secret

Posted by iscariotes em 3 de junho de 2016

Fonte: Bloomberg

Failure was not an option.

It was July 1974. A steady predawn drizzle had given way to overcast skies when William Simon, newly appointed U.S. Treasury secretary, and his deputy, Gerry Parsky, stepped onto an 8 a.m. flight from Andrews Air Force Base. On board, the mood was tense. That year, the oil crisis had hit home. An embargo by OPEC’s Arab nations—payback for U.S. military aid to the Israelis during the Yom Kippur War—quadrupled oil prices. Inflation soared, the stock market crashed, and the U.S. economy was in a tailspin.

Officially, Simon’s two-week trip was billed as a tour of economic diplomacy across Europe and the Middle East, full of the customary meet-and-greets and evening banquets. But the real mission, kept in strict confidence within President Richard Nixon’s inner circle, would take place during a four-day layover in the coastal city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

The goal: neutralize crude oil as an economic weapon and find a way to persuade a hostile kingdom to finance America’s widening deficit with its newfound petrodollar wealth. And according to Parsky, Nixon made clear there was simply no coming back empty-handed. Failure would not only jeopardize America’s financial health but could also give the Soviet Union an opening to make further inroads into the Arab world.

It “wasn’t a question of whether it could be done or it couldn’t be done,” said Parsky, 73, one of the few officials with Simon during the Saudi talks.

At first blush, Simon, who had just done a stint as Nixon’s energy czar, seemed ill-suited for such delicate diplomacy. Before being tapped by Nixon, the chain-smoking New Jersey native ran the vaunted Treasuries desk at Salomon Brothers. To career bureaucrats, the brash Wall Street bond trader—who once compared himself to Genghis Khan—had a temper and an outsize ego that was painfully out of step in Washington. Just a week before setting foot in Saudi Arabia, Simon publicly lambasted the Shah of Iran, a close regional ally at the time, calling him a “nut.”

But Simon, better than anyone else, understood the appeal of U.S. government debt and how to sell the Saudis on the idea that America was the safest place to park their petrodollars. With that knowledge, the administration hatched an unprecedented do-or-die plan that would come to influence just about every aspect of U.S.-Saudi relations over the next four decades (Simon died in 2000 at the age of 72).

The basic framework was strikingly simple. The U.S. would buy oil from Saudi Arabia and provide the kingdom military aid and equipment. In return, the Saudis would plow billions of their petrodollar revenue back into Treasuries and finance America’s spending.

It took several discreet follow-up meetings to iron out all the details, Parsky said. But at the end of months of negotiations, there remained one small, yet crucial, catch: King Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud demanded the country’s Treasury purchases stay “strictly secret,” according to a diplomatic cable obtained by Bloomberg from the National Archives database.

With a handful of Treasury and Federal Reserve officials, the secret was kept for more than four decades—until now. In response to a Freedom-of-Information-Act request submitted by Bloomberg News, the Treasury broke out Saudi Arabia’s holdings for the first time this month after “concluding that it was consistent with transparency and the law to disclose the data,” according to spokeswoman Whitney Smith. The $117 billion trove makes the kingdom one of America’s largest foreign creditors.

Yet in many ways, the information has raised more questions than it has answered. A former Treasury official, who specialized in central bank reserves and asked not to be identified, says the official figure vastly understates Saudi Arabia’s investments in U.S. government debt, which may be double or more.

The current tally represents just 20 percent of its $587 billion of foreign reserves, well below the two-thirds that central banks typically keep in dollar assets. Some analysts speculate the kingdom may be masking its U.S. debt holdings by accumulating Treasuries through offshore financial centers, which show up in the data of other countries.

Em http://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-05-30/the-untold-story-behind-saudi-arabia-s-41-year-u-s-debt-secret

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Em julgamento histórico, Justiça argentina condena oficiais envolvidos na Operação Condor

Posted by iscariotes em 29 de maio de 2016

Fonte: Opera Mundi

A Justiça argentina declarou culpados, nesta sexta-feira (27/05), 15 oficiais por participação na Operação Condor, cooperação entre regimes autoritários da América do Sul entre as décadas de 1970 e 1980 para combate à “subversão” nos países.

O tribunal de Buenos Aires condenou o último presidente do período ditatorial do país, Reynaldo Bignone (1982-1983), a 20 anos de prisão por crimes de lesa-humanidade. O ex-mandatário de 88 anos atualmente cumpre pena em uma penitenciária por diveros delitos.

Além dele, outros 16 militares – 15 argentinos e um uruguaio, o coronel Manuel Juan Cordero  – foram julgados por sequestro, tortura e desaparecimento forçados. Catorze foram condenados e receberam penas que variam entre oito e 25 anos de prisão, incluindo Cordero, pela privação ilegítima de liberdade do filho e da nora do poeta uruguaio Juan Gelman. Dois militares foram absolvidos.

Os fundamentos da sentença serão conhecidos em 9 de agosto.

Cerca de 220 testemunhas foram ouvidas durante os três anos de audiências, das quais 133 participaram a partir do exterior, por meio de videoconferências.

Do total de 105 vítimas da Operação Condor que integram esse processo, iniciado há 17 anos, há 45 uruguaios, 22 chilenos, 15 paraguaios, 13 bolivianos e 10 argentinos.

A Operação Condor foi uma rede de repressão política e troca de prisioneiros formada pelos serviços de inteligência das ditaduras do Cone Sul (Argentina, Bolívia, Brasil, Chile, Paraguai e Uruguai), que perdurou entre as décadas de 1970 e 1980.

Em entrevista à Agência Brasil, a advogada do Cels (Centro de Estudos Legais e Sociais) da Argentina, Luz Palmas Zaldua, afirmou que  “o julgamento é histórico” por causa de seu alcance regional. “É a primeira vez que julgamos um sistema criminal, armado para fazer desaparecer pessoas, em vários países”, afirmou.

Em http://operamundi.uol.com.br/conteudo/noticias/44291/em+julgamento+historico+argentina+condena+oficiais+envolvidos+na+operacao+condor+.shtml

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