Entulho

Distinguindo o trágico do supérfluo

Archive for maio \30\UTC 2013

Gestão de pedágios passa a ser pública e tarifa reduz até 30% no RS

Posted by iscariotes em 30 de maio de 2013

Fonte: Sul21

Rachel Duarte

Com a vitória do governo gaúcho na disputa judicial com as concessionárias que administram os pólos pedagiados, contribuir com a manutenção das estradas ficará mais barato a partir da próxima sexta-feira (31). Algumas praças inclusive serão extintas, como a de Farroupilha, prometida pelo governador Tarso Genro (PT). “Era um pedido da comunidade daquela região, que se sente vulnerabilizada no seu direito de ir e vir. Governos anteriores queriam prorrogar os contratos com as concessionárias e nós entregaremos a livre passagem para esta população”, disse em coletiva de imprensa nesta quarta-feira (29).

Em caráter simbólico, uma vez que ainda cabe recurso por parte da concessionária Convias, o governador pretende realizar a liberação da cancela na presença da sociedade. O ato está marcado para a próxima sexta-feira, a partir das 9 horas, no município de Farroupilha. “Tenho convicção jurídica de que é impossível reverter esta decisão. Mesmo que aconteça algum recurso, eles não têm influência de suspensão da decisão judicial. Esperamos que a decisão não seja revertida por qualquer recurso manipulatório por parte das empresas. Mas, se acontecer, cumpriremos a determinação judicial”, alegou Tarso.

Além de liberar o pedágio de Farroupilha, outras quatro praças de pedágio passarão ao controle público da Empresa Gaúcha de Rodovias (EGR): da RS 122, entre Flores da Cunha e Antônio Prado (km 101), e entre Farroupilha e Caxias do Sul (km 65); e na BR 116, entre Nova Petrópolis e Caxias do Sul (171), e entre São Marcos e Ana Rech (km 126). “No caso das estradas federais que estamos devolvendo à gestão federal, as cancelas serão liberadas até a União decidir pela extinção dos pedágios ou manutenção nos casos em que houver necessidade, devido às obras de ampliação das pistas. No caso das estaduais, haverá redução na tarifa”, salientou o chefe da Casa Civil, Carlos Pestana.

“A importância é muito grande. As concessões de pedágios não eram apenas contratos jurídicos, representavam uma visão política a respeito dos bens públicos e criaram uma vasta articulação política com partidos e órgãos de comunicação muito influentes. Estamos devolvendo o direito de transitar livremente pela população”, salientou Tarso Genro.

Governo pedirá ressarcimento dos valores cobrados após o vencimento dos contratos

Segundo estudo técnico feito pelo governo gaúcho, 30% das estradas pedagiadas estavam sendo mal conservadas. Além disso, os valores estavam elevados e não sendo devidamente aplicados na manutenção das estradas pelas empresas. Este é o argumento que leva o governador a ter convicção de que não terá uma nova derrota jurídica, caso haja novo recurso das concessionárias. “Nós iremos contestar estas ações e apresentar nosso estudo ao Judiciário. Vamos apresentar ação inclusive pedindo os recursos cobrados de forma ilegal desde março, quando venceu os contratos”, informou Tarso.

Qualquer negociação com os empresários só será feita, informou o chefe do executivo estadual, mediante o entendimento de que “império sobre as praças de pedágios é do poder público”. Os novos valores passarão a vigorar a partir da próxima sexta-feira, mas a manutenção das praças pela EGR terá um tempo de transição. “A partir da entrega, existe uma área de transição do DAER (Departamento Estadual de Estradas e Rodagens) para a EGR que irá assumir o mais breve possível. Adotaremos a tabela utilizada nos pedágios comunitários”, informou o diretor-presidente da EGR, Luis Carlos Bertotto.

Veja como era e como ficará as tarifas das estradas pedagiadas no RS:

– Automóveis passarão de R$ 7,00 para R$ 5,20

– Veículos comerciais e ônibus com 2 eixos passarão de R$ 8,80 para R$ 6,10

– Veículos comerciais e ônibus com 3 eixos passarão de R$ 13,20 para R$ 9,20

– Veículos comerciais e ônibus com 4 eixos passarão de R$ 17,60 para R$ 12,30

– Veículos comerciais com 5 eixos passarão de R$ 22 para R$ 15,40

– Veículos comerciais com 6 eixos passarão de R$ 26,40 para R$ 18,50

– Todos caminhões que pagavam entre R$ 35,00 e R$ 52,00 passam a pagar o máximo de R$ 18,50

– Automóveis com reboque de 3 eixos passarão de R$ 10,50 para R$ 7,90 e veículos de passeio com reboque de R$ 14 para R$ 10,50

Em http://www.sul21.com.br/jornal/2013/05/gestao-de-pedagios-passa-a-ser-publica-e-tarifa-reduz-ate-30-no-rs/

Posted in Brasil | Leave a Comment »

How Bush won the war in Iraq – really!

Posted by iscariotes em 28 de maio de 2013

Fonte: Greg Palast

If you thought it was “Blood for Oil”–you’re wrong. It was far, far worse.

Because it was marked “confidential” on each page, the oil industry stooge couldn’t believe the US State Department had given me a complete copy of their secret plans for the oil fields of Iraq. Actually, the State Department had done no such thing. But my line of bullshit had been so well-practiced and the set-up on my mark had so thoroughly established my fake identity, that I almost began to believe my own lies.I closed in. I said I wanted to make sure she and I were working from the same State Department draft. Could she tell me the official name, date and number of pages? She did.

Iraq Oil Secret History GP

Bingo! I’d just beaten the Military-Petroleum Complex in a lying contest, so I had a right to be stoked.

After phoning numbers from California to Kazakhstan to trick my mark, my next calls were to the State Department and Pentagon. Now that I had the specs on the scheme for Iraq’s oil – that State and Defense Department swore, in writing, did not exist – I told them I’d appreciate their handing over a copy (no expurgations, please) or there would be a very embarrassing story on BBC Newsnight.

Within days, our chief of investigations, Ms Badpenny, delivered to my shack in the woods outside New York a 323-page, three-volume program for Iraq’s oil crafted by George Bush’s State Department and petroleum insiders meeting secretly in Houston, Texas.

I cracked open the pile of paper – and I was blown away.

Like most lefty journalists, I assumed that George Bush and Tony Blair invaded Iraq to buy up its oil fields, cheap and at gun-point, and cart off the oil. We thought we knew the neo-cons true casus belli: Blood for oil.

But the truth in the confidential Options for Iraqi Oil Industry was worse than “Blood for Oil”. Much, much worse.

The key was in the flow chart on page 15, Iraq Oil Regime Timeline & Scenario Analysis:

“…A single state-owned company …enhances a government’s relationship with OPEC.”

Let me explain why these words rocked my casbah.

I’d already had in my hands a 101-page document, another State Department secret scheme, first uncovered by Wall Street Journal reporter Neil King, that called for the privatization, the complete sell-off of every single government-owned asset and industry. And in case anyone missed the point, the sales would include every derrick, pipe and barrel of oil, or, as the document put it, “especially the oil”.

That plan was created by a gaggle of corporate lobbyists and neo-cons working for the Heritage Foundation. In 2004, the plan’s authenticity was confirmed by Washington power player Grover Norquist. (It’s hard to erase the ill memory of Grover excitedly waving around his soft little hands as he boasted about turning Iraq into a free-market Disneyland, recreating Chile in Mesopotamia, complete with the Pinochet-style dictatorship necessary to lock up the assets – while behind Norquist, Richard Nixon snarled at me from a gargantuan portrait.)

The neo-con idea was to break up and sell off Iraq’s oil fields, ramp up production, flood the world oil market – and thereby smash OPEC and with it, the political dominance of Saudi Arabia.

General Jay Garner also confirmed the plan to grab the oil. Indeed, Garner told me that Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld fired him, when the General, who had lived in Iraq, complained the neo-con grab would set off a civil war. It did. Nevertheless, Rumsfeld replaced Garner with a new American viceroy, Paul Bremer, a partner in Henry Kissinger’s firm, to complete the corporate takeover of Iraq’s assets – “especially the oil”.

But that was not to be. While Bremer oversaw the wall-to-wall transfer of Iraqi industries to foreign corporations, he was stopped cold at the edge of the oil fields.

How? I knew there was only one man who could swat away the entire neo-con army: James Baker, former Secretary of State, Bush family consiglieri and most important, counsel to Exxon-Mobil Corporation and the House of Saud.

(One unwitting source was industry oil-trading maven Edward Morse of Lehman/Credit Suisse, who threatened to sue Harper’s Magazine for my quoting him. Morse denied I ever spoke with him. But when I played the tape from my hidden recorder, his memory cleared and he scampered away.)

Weirdly, I was uncovering that the US oil industry was using its full political mojo to prevent their being handed ownership of Iraq’s oil fields. That’s right: The oil companies did NOT want to own the oil fields – and they sure as hell did not want the oil. Just the opposite. They wanted to make sure there would be a limit on the amount of oil that would come out of Iraq.

There was no way in hell that Baker’s clients, from Exxon to Abdullah, were going to let a gaggle of neo-con freaks smash up Iraq’s oil industry, break OPEC production quotas, flood the market with six million barrels of Iraqi oil a day and thereby knock its price back down to $13 a barrel where it was in 1998.

Big Oil simply could not allow Iraq’s oil fields to be privatized and taken from state control. That would make it impossible to keep Iraq within OPEC (an avowed goal of the neo-cons) as the state could no longer limit production in accordance with the cartel’s quota system..

The problem with Saddam was not the threat that he’d stop the flow of oil – he was trying to sell more. The price of oil had been boosted 300 percent by sanctions and an embargo cutting Iraq’s sales to two million barrels a day from four. With Saddam gone, the only way to keep the damn oil in the ground was to leave it locked up inside the busted state oil company which would remain under OPEC (i.e. Saudi) quotas.

The James Baker Institute quickly and secretly started in on drafting the 323-page plan for the State Department. In May 2003, w ith authority granted from the top (i.e. Dick Cheney), ex-Shell Oil USA CEO Phil Carroll was rushed to Baghdad to take charge of Iraq’s oil. He told Bremer, “There will be no privatization of oil – END OF STATEMENT.” Carroll then passed off control of Iraq’s oil to Bob McKee of Halliburton, Cheney’s old oil-services company, who implemented the Baker “enhance OPEC” option anchored in state ownership.

Some oil could be released, mainly to China, through limited, but lucrative, “production sharing agreements”.

And that’s how George Bush won the war in Iraq. The invasion was not about “blood for oil”, but something far more sinister: blood for no oil. War to keep supply tight and send prices skyward.

Oil men, whether James Baker or George Bush or Dick Cheney, are not in the business of producing oil. They are in the business of producing profits.

And they’ve succeeded. Iraq, capable of producing six to 12 million barrels of oil a day, still exports well under its old OPEC quota of three million barrels.

The result: As we mark the tenth anniversary of the invasion this month, we also mark the fifth year of crude at $100 a barrel.

As George Bush could proudly say to James Baker: Mission Accomplished!

Em http://www.gregpalast.com/how-george-bush-won-the-war-in-iraq-really/

Posted in Economia, História, Mundo | Leave a Comment »

Benito Muros: “Me persiguen por crear una bombilla que no se funde”

Posted by iscariotes em 28 de maio de 2013

Fonte: El Economista

La batería del móvil se muere a los dos años, un ordenador a los cuatro, para la nevera ya no hay repuestos pasados los ocho años y de repente, un buen día, la televisión dice adiós, así por las buenas. “Nada que hacer, le sale mejor comprar otra”. ¿Les suena el diagnóstico? A Benito Muros, presidente de la SOP (Sin Obsolescencia Programada), sí le suena. Y por eso está amenazado de muerte.

Eso de la SOP da miedo.
¡No! Se trata de un movimiento que denuncia la obsolescencia programada. Luchamos para que las cosas duren lo que tengan que durar, pero los fabricantes de aparatos electrónicos los programan para que duren un tiempo determinado y obligan así a los usuarios a comprar otros nuevos. ¡Y la ley lo permite!

¿Se mueren así, de repente?
El consumo de nuestra sociedad se basa en productos con fecha de caducidad. Cambiar esto supondría cambiar nuestro modelo de producción y optar por un sistema más sostenible. Los fabricantes deben ser conscientes de que las crisis de endeudamiento como la que vivimos son evitables, y que podemos detener el crimen ecológico.

¡Uff! La lavadora de mi madre duró 35 años, por lo menos.
Y ahora a los seis ya da problemas y mejor tirarla. También antes había unas medias de nailon irrompibles.

¿No se hacían carreras? ¿Dónde se venden?
[La pregunta, en este caso, es de la fotógrafa]. Se dejaron de fabricar, por eso, porque duraban demasiado. Pero hoy todavía queda una bombilla que lleva encendida 111 años en un parque de bomberos en Livermore (California). De ahí me surgió la idea de crear, junto con otros ingenieros, una línea de iluminación que dure toda la vida.

¿No se funde nunca?
¡Nunca! Dura más de cien años, pero como no lo veremos, ofrecemos una garantía de 25.

No se ve en los lineales de los grandes almacenes…
No, porque las distribuidoras nos dicen que viven de las que se funden. Incluso hemos tenido ofertas millonarias para no sacarla al mercado.

¿Y cuánto cuesta su bombilla?
Comprada online, unos 37 euros. A los fabricantes no les interesa.

¿Un genio o un loco?
Ni lo uno ni lo otro. Sólo buscamos una sociedad más justa. Aunque eso suponga estar amenazado de muerte.

Parece una película de ciencia ficción.
(Nos muestra la denuncia): “Señor Muros, usted no puede poner en el mercado sus sistemas de iluminación. Usted y su familia serán aniquilados”.

¿Merece la pena ser un héroe por una bombilla?
Merece la pena luchar por una sociedad donde no se viva del usar y tirar, aunque se pase miedo.

http://www.eleconomista.es/hpymes/noticias/4290506/10/12/Me-persiguen-por-crear-una-bombilla-que-no-se-funde.html

Posted in Ciência, Mundo | Leave a Comment »

Ministério Público perde prazo da Satiagraha e Dantas se livra da cadeia

Posted by iscariotes em 17 de maio de 2013

Fonte: Acerto de Contas

O título que você lê acima não é uma piada. A Procuradoria Geral da República perdeu o prazo para recorrer no STJ da decisão que anulou as provas obtidas pela Polícia Federal na Operação Satiagraha.

Isso mesmo, o nosso zeloso Ministério Público Federal vai deixar Daniel Dantas ficar livre simplesmente porque perdeu o prazo para recorrer de uma decisão que muitos ministros do STJ consideravam absurdas, e que cairia no Pleno do Tribunal.

Não estamos falando de um processo trabalhista de 500 merréis. Estamos falando do processo penal mais importante em andamento no país, contra a quadrilha mais poderosa que se tem notícia.

O maior absurdo disso tudo é que a PGR disse que não foi notificada, depois que passou para um subprocurador que teria se aposentado.

Daqui a pouco vai colocar a culpa no contínuo.

Se este fosse um país sério, neste momento o Procurador Geral, Roberto Gurgel, estaria demitido, e o responsável pelo processo estaria se preparando para dormir na prisão.

Mas não, semana que vem nosso “Procurador” estará todo serelepe na televisão dando alguma entrevista em nome da moralidade, ou ainda articulando o aumento no seu salário, próximo de R$ 30 mil.

E ninguém vai cobrar do magistral Ministério Público uma investigação para saber o responsável pela impunidade dantesca?

Daniel Dantas já tinha dado a senha a seu advogado: “resolva meus problemas na primeira instância, que lá em Brasília eu resolvo”.

Daniel Dantas pode bater no peito e dizer: “Este país tem dono… Eu sou o Dono do Brasil”.

Em http://acertodecontas.blog.br/politica/ministrio-pblico-perde-prazo-da-satiagraha-e-daniel-dantas-se-livra-da-cadeia/

Posted in Brasil, Política | Leave a Comment »

Government can now snoop on your SMSs, online chats

Posted by iscariotes em 9 de maio de 2013

Fonte: The Times of India

BANGALORE/DELHI: The government last month quietly began rolling out a project that gives it access to everything that happens over India’s telecommunications network—online activities, phone calls, text messages and even social media conversations. Called the Central Monitoring System, it will be the single window from where government arms such as the National Investigation Agency or the tax authorities will be able to monitor every byte of communication.

But privacy and internet freedom advocates are worried that in the name of security, the government could end up snooping on people, possibly abusing a system that does not have enough safeguards to protect ordinary citizens.

“In the absence of a strong privacy law that promotes transparency about surveillance and thus allows us to judge the utility of the surveillance, this kind of development is very worrisome,” warned Pranesh Prakash, director of policy at the Centre for Internet and Society. “Further, this has been done with neither public nor parliamentary dialogue, making the government unaccountable to its citizens.”

After the Mumbai blasts in November 2008, the government has been arming itself with powers and technology to help it eavesdrop on digital communications. The information technology law, enacted in 2000 and amended twice in 2008 and 2011, gives designated government officials the authority to listen in on phone calls, read SMSes, emails, and monitor websites.

Such access is allowed for purposes of “reasonable security practices and procedures.”

However, Pavan Duggal, a Supreme Court advocate specialising in cyberlaw, said the government has given itself unprecedented powers to monitor private internet records of citizens. “This system is capable of tremendous abuse,” he said. The Central Monitoring System, being set up by the Centre for Development of Telematics, plugs into telecom gear and gives central and state investigative agencies a single point of access to call records, text messages and emails as well as the geographical location of individuals.

Duggal, who closely follows New Delhi’s battle with internet firms, said there hasn’t been much details from the government on what exactly the system intends to monitor and under what conditions.

In December 2012, the then information technology minister Milind Deora told Parliament that the monitoring system, on which the government is spending Rs 400 crore, will “lawfully intercept internet and telephone services”.

Work on the system has been kept under wraps for nearly two years. Several government agencies have issued tenders seeking specialised equipment and systems for such monitoring.

As part of modernisation, the home ministry is updating all its offices in state capitals with such gear. C-Dot group head Shikha Srivastava declined comment. Information technology ministry spokeswoman Mamta Verma redirected the queries to Gulshan Rai, director of India’s Cyber Emergency Response Team, but Rai declined comment.

With over 100 million users, India is one of the fastest-growing internet markets in the world. The government has come under criticism from activists for increased censorship and tracking of user records. Internet activist group Anonymous has started raising the pitch against the monitoring system, claiming that security is just a pretext for spying on citizens.

Disclosures by Google show that the number of requests from the government seeking personal information has been on the rise. In the second half of 2012, the government made nearly 2,500 requests, Google said.

“Even legitimate conversations could end up being tracked,” cautioned Duggal, the Supreme Court lawyer.

Em http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tech/tech-news/internet/Government-can-now-snoop-on-your-SMSs-online-chats/articleshow/19932484.cms

Posted in História, Mundo | Leave a Comment »